PACS stands for Picture Archiving and Communication System. It can generally be defined as the whole system managing medical images and related data in a DICOM-compliant way.
Although there are different interpretations about which components fall within the definition of “PACS” (some of them are more comprehensive, some others are more restrictive), here is a list of entities which are normally considered to belong to a PACS:
- The acquisition equipments (also known as modalities)
- The images archive (also known as PACS server)
- The diagnostic workstations
- The network connecting the above components
All the above components must be DICOM-compliant devices, in order to be able to cooperate and exchange data also in a cross-vendor scenario.